United States Government: House of Representatives

The House of Representatives is a part of the Congress that makes up the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States. It has 435 voting members and each of these members represents what is called a congressional district. A congressional district is basically an area of the state that has been defined for the purpose of elections to the House of Representatives. 

The number of representatives that a state can have in the House of Representatives depends on the number of congressional districts which in turn depends on the population of the state. This is determined by the last U S Census that has been held. Each of these representatives has a 2 year term of office.

A person standing for elections from a congressional district is required to be at least 25 years of age. A candidate should also be a citizen of the United States for the last seven years and should have resided in the state from where he or she is standing for election. 

There are also five additional members that are part of the House of Representatives. These are from Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and the District of Columbia. While these members can take part in the debates that ensue in the House, they cannot vote on any of the motions passed. 


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