United States Government: Elections and Voting

The elections and voting process for the various federal officials has been defined by the Constitution. These are different for the various branches and sub ranches of the government. 

A presidential election is held once in four years. The process begins much before the Election Day and candidates from the two main parties and independents campaign for about a year. The presidential candidate for a specific political party has to be nominated by the party and this process creates factions and divisions, ensuing from the agenda that the people have. 

The perception of the public with regards to the specific candidates, reports in the media, public opinion, candidate preference surveys and advertising influence the final decision with regards to the candidate that is nominated finally. 

Once the presidential candidate for the party has been chosen, he or she nominates the vice president too. The choice of the vice president is normally done in order to complement the strengths of the president. This can be done in a geographical manner in which the presidential candidate chooses the vice president from a running member that is stronger in an area where the president is not or a member who has a different ideological framework.

The senators are chosen for a period of 6 years and these are chosen by the people that he or she shall represent. The rule of plurality is used in deciding the candidate that wins. The election for the members for the House of Representatives is done by the people of the congressional district that he is representing.


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